Energy reliability and security is one of the top priorities of any country. To mainstream the process of data driven long-term energy planning and strategy formulation in both demand and supply side stakeholders. Adopting energy plans allow states (and eventually the country) to have a wholistic approach to achieve overall energy reliability and security to move towards cleaner energy supply and enhanced Energy efficiency for growth and development.
IGEN Access –II provides technical assistance to state government in preparing and implementing the Energy Plans. Till date, two states have formulated the Energy Plans (West Bengal and Assam) and they are in the process of adopting the same. IGEN-Access II provides training & capacity building as well as implementation support to state partners.
IGEN-Access II aims to disseminate proven models and instruments for improving basic energy supply in selected Indian states through financial service providers (FSP), incubators and RE - disseminating Village Level Entrepreneurs (VLEs).
The program aims to support at least seven FSP to upscale the models and instruments resulting in new loan agreements with rural energy users that will lead to improved supply situation in rural areas. The main focus is on technical capacity development, primarily of private-sector actors, in the areas of financing, business start-ups and Decentralised Renewable Energy technology. The capacitation interventions aimed as part of the module are intended to enable the partner experts involved to modify and operationalise the models and instruments to meet their specific needs. Of the total number of VLEs supported by the module atleast 50 % are headed by women
The objective of Developing concepts and Pilots is to establish a conceptual basis for enhancing India’s energy supply quality under certain specific conditions (including the government programme). This results in that the planned advisory measures and pilot projects will create the necessary enabling conditions, e.g. for decentralized energy systems to be rehabilitated and operated sustainably by private energy companies. An important precondition is that the energy companies provide sufficient funding for the pilot testing of concepts aimed at improving energy supply quality. It is also assumed that private investors will be interested in taking over systems requiring rehabilitation, making them profitable, and running them.
Mini-grids have played a major role in providing electricity across India. This includes not only household electricity but also electricity for other productive uses. However, a study commissioned under IGEN ACCESS found out that many mini-grids are unfortunately either underused or not functional anymore (especially community operated mini-grids While the non-functionality of mini-grids is problematic, they might be a potential solution in other scenarios like livelihood generation. Mini-grid developers apart from supplying renewables-based electricity to all types of customers can play an active role in catalyzing the use of electricity for promoting usage of clean energy, energy efficiency and in supporting livelihood activities. IGEN Access-II currently working to demonstrate profiles of productive use of energy from mini grids to support livelihood activities, thus creating lessons for revival of existing mini grids.
WHO estimates that over 4 million people die prematurely from illness attributable to the household air pollution from cooking with solid fuels.As per National Sample Survey Office’s 68th round, more than two-third (around 160 million households) of rural Indian households are dependent on solid biomass for cooking. In order to overcome the gap in clean cooking energy access for poor, Government of India has launched the Ujjwala scheme. Under this, 50 million BPL (below poverty line) households will be provided LPG connections by 2018-19. In addition to LPG, government is also supporting other clean cooking energy technologies like biogas, biomass cookstoves, solar cooking through schemes and programmes run by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.
Integration of renewable energy in rural livelihoods can play an important role to increase productivity and enhance incomes both directly and indirectly. With support from Government, bilateral agencies and private institutions, various initiatives have been designed and implemented in different regions of India to understand role of, integration of renewable energy technologies in promoting rural livelihoods. Many of these are region specific and have potential for scaling up. State level experience across India highlight that with appropriate forward and backward linkages and suitable financing, the renewable energy technologies can complement and add value to rural livelihood promotion. It is important that it should reach all different stakeholders involved including the different state rural livelihood missions and communities at ground level to learn, replicate and scale up.
Every year India is prone to a variety of different natural disasters, which include landslides, cyclones and droughts. One of the most common natural disasters in India are floods. While floods are a natural phenomenon, climate change has already had an effect on the monsoon and rainfall patterns. Flooding has been a major natural disaster in the past and it will continue to be in the future. Each year, hundreds of people lose their lives and hundreds of thousands are displaced. IGEN Access-II is working on to demonstrate clean energy based off-grid solutions that can be provided during disasters like floods.
Agriculture is a critical element in India’s socio-economic fabric. With almost half of the available land being used for agriculture, it requires a significant amount of energy in every stage of its value chain. incomplete sentence) IGEN Access-II is working to identify the agricultural machines that will have the highest likelihood of improving productivity and income of small-holder farmers in horticulture (tomato and potato) value chains, while also allowing solar energy integration resulting in reduced carbon emissions across the value chain. The findings and recommendations will in turn inform investments and potential pilot designs to showcase the viability of interventions.
Access to reliable healthcare is one of the critical factors of keeping the poor in perpetual poverty, while India has various initiatives to improve access to healthcare to all marginalized segments of the society. There are several systemic barriers, which hampers the achievement of a set vision. One of the key enablers to strengthen the medical value chain is democratization of important health services by improving efficiencies, sustainability and access to decentralized power for last mile healthcare services. The IGEN Access-II is working on the concept for health and sustainable energy nexus (SDG 7 for SDG 3) aims to collectively develop strategies and roadmaps to scale the nexus at different levels within the State administration structure namely primary health centre (Village), block, district and State levels.
At least 70% of the world’s poor live in rural areas in developing countries. Their livelihoods usually depend either directly or indirectly on agriculture, with women providing more than 40% of the workforce in agriculture and livestock breeding on average. Women are primarily responsible for meeting the basic needs of their families and playing a key role in the subsequent processing and sale of agricultural products. Due to further ‘feminisation’ in agriculture, women’s contribution to food security and rural households’ survival will increase further in the future. IGEN-Access II is committed to promote women and gender parity in achieving project objectives especially, in the energy access space. IGEN-Access II has furthermore established gender indicators for all the projects in its portfolio. These will ensure that gender mainstreaming is effectively embedded in the project planning, execution and monitoring of ongoing and future activities.
A major objective of IGEN Access-II is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by replacing fossil fuels (mostly diesel and coal). Greater use of renewable energy will reduce the need to operate or expand the capacities of power plants that burn fossil fuels. The logical results will be fuel savings and lower emissions of climate-noxious gases.